An original and exciting chapter of world science and physics is that linked to the life of Enrico Fermi. Trained at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa, after some stays abroad, in 1926 he held the first chair of theoretical physics in Italy at the Physics Institute in via Panisperna in Rome. Here, in addition to formidable theoretical developments, he gave birth to a brilliant group of young collaborators: Franco Rasetti, Emilio Segrè, Edoardo Amaldi, Ettore Majorana, Bruno Pontecorvo, Oscar D’Agostino.
His experimental research in nuclear physics, supported by Orso Mario Corbino and Guglielmo Marconi, was so avant-garde in the international field that it earned the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1938.
Since 1938, his life took place in the United States, where he went following the shortage of university funding, but also the enactment of the racial laws affecting his wife.
Fermi first worked in the laboratories of Columbia University in New York, then in 1942 he moved to Chicago where he built the first nuclear battery. During the war he participated to the Manhattan Project. After the conflict, he embarks on new adventures by creating a school in Chicago that will have an exceptional importance in the development of particle physics. Temporarily returning to Italy, he gave some famous lectures in 1954, the year of his death.